8.1 A High-level Committee was constituted in September, 2002 to review the Disaster Management over the Indian Railways. The Committee presented its recommendations in a report in April 2003, which has been accepted. The implementation of the recommendations would require an estimated Rs.400 crores. The detailed accepted recommendations, and broad costs are indicated in the report, which are to be implemented in next three years. This estimate, however, does not include some recommendations for which the cost implications are being assessed.
8.2 The main areas of focus on disaster management in the next decade will be:
Three-coach self-sufficient Self-propelled Accident Relief Train (SPART) capable of running at 140 kmph, for quicker initial response would be introduced.
Rationalization of existing locations of Accident Relief Trains (ART) and Accident Relief Medical Vans (ARMV) would be undertaken for faster availability at site.
For rescue operations, need to obtain police clearance would be obviated.
Better facilities and equipments
Steam cranes will be phased out, including those on MG system.
Existing ARTs will be speeded up to 100 kmph and ARMV to the highest speed in the sections.
Expanding resources to meet requirements in major accidents
Crack teams at each Zonal Railway HQ with containerised equipment to be introduced.
Standby ART/ARMV gangs will be organised whenever required.
Assistance by armed forces and para-military forces in rescue effort will be obtained, whenever required.
Better customer focus advanced and better communication facilities would be provided to take care and handling of the injured and dead.
Training and Preparedness Full scale mock drill exercises for each ART.
ART Management will undergo major changes covering rolling stock management, status of equipment, monitoring of utilization of assets and availability and consumption of stores etc.
8.3 It is proposed to review targets for following activities:-
ARMVs and ARTs would be turned out within the stipulated time, and ensuring that they get precedence over all other trains. ARMVs would be given priority in the return direction also, as they may be required at other locations too.
Reliable and effective communication channels would be established at the site of accident to be in contact with divisional and zonal headquarters on arrival of ARMV at site.
Transhipment of unaffected passengers and their clearance from the accident site would be organised quickly.
Even in case of the worst possible accident with adverse and extreme circumstances, all injured passengers would be rescued on priority.
In rescue operations, top priority will be given to all passengers in critical condition for immediate medical attention.
Even in case of the worst possible accident, dead bodies would be extricated at fastest possible speed.
Ex_gratia payment to all injured passengers and next of kin of all deceased passengers (after identification) to be arranged expeditiously.
Complete medical care will be taken, of all injured passengers, including payment of medical bills, till their final discharge from hospitals.
Claims compensation booklets containing forms and other instructions will be distributed to all injured passengers and next of kin of all deceased passengers.
8.4 Strategy to be adopted
Each Zonal Railway and each Division will prepare its Disaster Management Plan.
These Disaster Management Plans will be dovetailed with State / District Disaster Management Plan.
SPART (Self Propelled Accident Relief Train) consisting of 3 coach units will be deployed one in each division.
Feasibility of entering into a tie-up with reputed private/civil hospitals and with State Governments to be explored for speedy relief and assistance.
Rescue Ambulances are to be positioned at hospitals in divisions having good road network.
Air lifting of needy, seriously injured passengers to nearby hospitals would be explored.
Armed forces will be approached for assistance during disasters, whenever required.
Feasibility of introducing emergency rail-cum-road vehicle will be explored.
Each Zone is proposed to have a professionally trained Crack team of rail rescue experts and containerized equipment, based at headquarters, to be rushed to any major accident site by air or land route.
Feasibility of providing road access to bridges, tunnels, high embankments and deep cuttings will be explored by divisions.
Two roof hatches and one under-floor hatch, for emergency escape are proposed to be provided in all coaches.
Emergency automatic lights in coaches would be provided.
Adequate financial powers to DRMs and concerned branch officers will be given to ensure quicker rescue operations.
Special Disaster Management Team of RPF is proposed to be set up on each division for providing support to relief and restoration.
Collapsible coffins will be kept at each divisional hospital and transported to the site of accident.
All ARTs will be provided with Air brake stock.
A minimum of one 140 Tonne break down crane will be provided in each BG division.
Disaster Management Training Modules, with special focus on rescue, extrication, medical relief, and restoration techniques etc., will be launched at four nominated training centres.
Source : रेल मंत्रालय (रेलवे बोर्ड) CMS Team Last Reviewed on: 05-02-2011
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