SALIENT FEATURES OF STUDIES ON SECURITY AND POLICING ON RAILWAYS
- Railway Police committee, 1872
- The Indian Police Commission, 1902-03
- Railway Police Committee, 1907
- The Railway Police Committee, 1921
- The Mullick study, 1954
- High powered Committee on Security and Policing on the Railways, 1966-68
- The Administrative Reforms Commission, 1970
- One man expert Committee on Railway Security and Protection, 1976
- National Police Commission, 1981(Railway Police Panel, 1978)
- Railway Reforms Committee,1983
- Committee on Sub-ordinate legislation (5th Lok Sabha ),1988-89
RAILWAY POLICE COMMITTEE, 1872
- Railway Police /Govt.. Police to split up in into ‘Govt.. Police for law enforcement (A-duties –Investigation and Crime, B-1&2-duties – Platforms and Orders) and ‘Company Police for protection of Goods sheds, Yards, Wagons and other Railway Properties (B3-duties – Watch and Ward)Railway Police committee, 1872
INDIAN POLICE COMMISSION, 1902-03
- Favoured ‘Provincial System of Railway Police Administration over ‘Railway Administration System
- Recommended close co-ordination between Railway Police and Railway Administration
- Separation of Watch and Ward duties from Railway Police.
- Close co-operation between Railway and District Police.
RAILWAY POLICE COMMITTEE, 1907
- Duties of Railway Police was re-classified into class-A (Crime duties – rank and file to be paid entirely by Government ) and class-B (Order duties – rank and file to be paid for entirely by railways)
- The proportion of cost of supervision charged to Railway to be fixed at 1/4th of total cost
THE RAILWAY POLICE COMMITTEE, 1921
- A Central Crime Bureau of Information and Advice
- A Spl. Detective and Inv.. Agency in each province
- Power of search to OC of Rly. Police Station
- Watch and Ward to be organized as a Rly. Unit
- Provincial system of organization for Rly. Police
- Uniform Rules and procedures through out India
- Close co-operation between the Rly. and Dist. Police
- Police Guards for protection on night trains.
THE MULLICK STUDY, 1954
- Fusion of the provincial, the Dist. and Rly. Admn. System
- SRP to have only Administrative control while SP of the respective Dist. to have day-to-day operational control over GRP to ensure close Co-operation.
H.P. COMMITTEE ON SECURITY AND POLICING, 1968
- Creation of a Central Rly. Police Unit under Rlys.
- Abolition of distinction between Crime and Order wing of GRP
- Additional powers to RPF
- Powers of Sec. 151 & 152 Cr.P.C. to be conferred to RPF
- Protection of Rly. Track to be responsibility of state Govt.
- Due consideration to the need for increase in strength of crime and order wings of Rly. Police
ONE MAN EXPERT COMMITTEE ON RAILWAY SECURITY & PROTECTION, 1976
- Didnt favour unified Police Force concept
- Abolition of Order and Crime wing of GRP
- GRP should remain separate from Dist. Police
- SPs of Dist. Should be responsible for controlling Crime on Rlys. in their Dist.
- Rly. to bear 50% of total expenditure on GRP
- MHA to reply Parliamentary Questions on L&O and Crime on Railways
- Concurrent legal powers in matter of offences against Rly. Property to RPF
NATIONAL POLICE COMMISSION, 1981
- Constituted Rly. Police Panel, 1978 to study and recommend measures to improve Security and Policing in Rlys.
- However before the Commission could examine the recommendation, it was wound-up.
RAILWAY REFORMS COMMITTEE, 1983
- Strength of GRP to increase substantially
- GRP to be merged with Dist. Police
- Mobile OPs by Civil Police in trains
- Registration of FIRs by Mobile OPs irrespective of jurisdiction and Place of Occurrence
- Legal Powers to RPF to deal with unlawful assemblies and riotous mob
- Abolition of RPF escorts in trains
- Rly. Officials to have indirect say in annual assessment reports of S.H.O. of GRP
COMMITTEE ON SUB-ORDINATE LEGISLATION
(5TH LOK SABHA, 1988-89)
- Conducted scrutiny of RPF Rules 1987 but restricted study and recommendation to issues like Recruitment, Promotion, Disciplinary and Appeal Powers, Service Conditions etc.