CONTENTS
CHAPTER I 

DUTIES OF PERMANENT WAY OFFICIALS/MEN
PART 'A'

Duties of Assistant Engineer/Assistant Divisional Engineer

General 101. Essential duties of Assistant Engineer 102. Knowledge of rules and regulations 103. Coordination with officials of other departments 104. Inspection by higher officials 105. Inspection by Assistant Engineer 106. Inspection of Permanent Way 107. Execution of Works 108. Measurement of Ballast 109. Action in case of emergencies 110. Accompanying Track Recording/Oscillograph Cars 111. Control over Expenditure 112. Training of probationers 113. Witnessing payments to staff 114. Inspection of office and stores of Inspectors 115. Staff matters 116. Relinquishment of charge 117.

PART 'B'

Duties of Permanent Way Inspectors / Section Engineer (P Way)

Duties of Permanent Way Inspectors (in overall charge)

General responsibility 118. Knowledge of rules and regulations 119. Co-ordination with works, bridge and staff of other departments 120. Keeping of materials 121. Accompanying on inspections of higher officials 122 Testing of running qualities of track 123. Routine inspection of track 124. Revised Schedule of Inspection of track 124A. Safety of track 125. Check on Patrolling 126. Execution of works affecting Track 127. Action in case of emergency 128. Inspection and maintenance of LWR/CWR Track 129. Measurement of Ballast 130. Station Yards 131. Witnessing payment to staff 132. Other Establishment matters 133. Correspondence and records 134, Relinquishment of charge 135.

Duties of Permanent Way Inspectors (not in overall charge)

General responsibilities 136. Knowledge of rules and regulations 137. Co- ordination with Works, Bridge and Staff of other departments 138. Routine Inspection of Track 139. Revised Schedule of Inspection of track 139A. Annual maintenance works 140. Check on patrolling 141. Execution of works affecting Track 142. Action in case of emergency 143. Maintenance of LWR/CWR Track 144. Witnessing payments to staff 145.

PART 'C' 

Duties of Permanent Way Mistries

General responsibilities 146. Knowledge of rules and signals 147. Permanent Way Mistry in-charge of gangs 148.

PART 'D' 

Duties of Mates, Keymen and Gangmen
General

Knowledge of rules and signals 149. Safety of the line 150. Equipment at site of work 151. Musters and Gang Charts/Diary books 152. Observance of sleeper packing during passage of train 153 Precautions when view is obstructed. 154. Tidiness of section 155. Safe custody of tools 156. Action when line is unsafe or in the event of accident 157. Patrolling during abnormal rainfall 158. Commencing work affecting safety of trains 159. Weekly inspection of gang length by mate 160. Preventing trespass and theft of Permanent way fittings 161. Relief arrangement in emergencies 162. Assistance to Posts and Telegraph staff 163. Assistance in protection of trains 164. Assistance in placing fog signals 165. Responsibilities of the Mate in LWR track 166.

Duties of Keyman

Selection and training of Keyman 167. Keyman's daily inspection 168(1). Roster duty hours of Keyman 168(2). Equipment of Keyman 169. Duties of Keyman 170. Keyman's book 171.

CHAPTER II 

THE MAINTENANCE OF PERMANENT WAY

PART 'A'

Responsibility of Engineering officials  201.Classification of lines 202.Systems of track maintenance 203. Annual programme of track maintence 204. Maintenance planning 205. Record of gang work 206. Attention to Inspection Notes 207. Record of work of artisans and other workmen employed 208. Special reports on the condition of Permanent way 209. Permanent Way Inspector's section register 210. Permanent way plans and diagrams 211. Records of materials under trial 212. Strength of gangs 213. Musters 214. Custody of gang tools 215. Section Limit Board 216. Kilometre and gradient posts 217.Telegraph pole number 218. Verification of land boundaries 219. Trolly refuges 220. Standard dimensions 221. Felling of trees obstructing view 222. Side drains, catch water drains and water-ways 223.

PART 'B' 

Regular Track Maintenance


Through packing—Conventional maintenance by beater packing 224. Maintenance by Measured shovel packing (deleted) 225. Track maintenance by machines 226. Systematic overhauling 227. 3-tier system of track maintenance 228. Picking up slacks 229. Observance of sleepers under passage traffic 230. Sample of standard section off track 231. Checking work of gangs by PWI232. Lifting of track 233. Lowering of track 234. Distance pieces to platform lines 235. Fouling marks 236. Inspection and maintenance of Points and Crossings 237.

PART 'C'

Works incidental to regular track maintenance

Deep screening of ballast 238. Side and catch water drains and water-ways 239. Drainage in station yards 240. Lubrication of rail joints 241. Counteraction and adjustment of creep 242. Buckling of track 243.

PART 'D' 

Sleepers and Fastenings

Laying of sleepers 244. Wooden sleepers 245. Cast iron sleepers 246. Steel trough sleepers 247.

PART 'E'

 Rails and Fastenings

Standard sections of rails 248. Causes of rail deterioration 249. Rail maintenance to reduce rail deterioration 250. Maintenance of rail joints 251. Inspection of rails in service 252. Action to be taken in the case of rail fractures/weld failures 253. Stacking of rails 254. Handling of rails 255. Rail closures 256. Rail failures 257 Careful usage of fish-plates 258. Combination fish-plates 259. Fish plate failures 260.

PART 'F'

Ballast and Ballast Depots

Type of ballast in use 261. Size of ballast 262. Ballast profiles/Sections/Depths of cushion 263. Assessment of ballast requirements 264. Collection and training out of ballast 265. Depot collection of ballast 266. Along side collections 267. Handing over charge by AEN 268. Unloading ballast along the line 269. Surplus ballast along the line 270. Ballasting new formation 271.

PART 'G'

Track structure on Bridges

Rail and rail joints on Bridges 272. Bridge timbers 273. Use of rail free fastenings in girder bridges 274. Provision of guard rails on bridges 275. Provision of walkways 276. Inspection and maintenance of track on approaches of bridges 277. Inspection and maintenance of Track on bridge proper 278.

Maintenance of Track in track circuited areas

Precautions to be taken while working. 279. Insulated joints 280. Glued insulated joints 281.

PART 'J'

Maintenance in Electrified areas

General instructions 282. Special instructions 283. Maintaining continuity of track 284. Catch sidings 285. Additional precautions in A. C. Traction area 286. Fire in Electrified areas 287. Permanent Way Tools 288. Treatment of persons suffering from Electric shock 289. Accident to power lines of outside bodies 290.

PART 'K'

Treatment of Formation

Classification of formation 291. Nature of formation problems 292. Site investigations 293. Soil investigations and testing 294. Remedial measures suggested 295.

CHAPTER III

PERMANENT WAY RENEWALS

Classification of renewals 301. Factors governing Permanent Way renewal 302. Planning of Renewals 303. Track renewal programme 304. Track standards for renewals 305. Planning for posting of staff and other facilities 306. Traffic facilities for renewals 307. Speed restrictions 308. Project Report for track renewal works 309 A. Preliminary Works 309 B. Unloading of rails, sleepers and fastenings 310. Methods of carrying out renewal 311. Relaying with Mechanical equipment 312. Complete relaying Method (Manual) 313. Piecemeal method of Relaying (Manual) 314. Essential points to be observed during linking 315. Track laying standards 316. Renewal of points and crossings 317. Sleepers in yards and running lines 318. Rails in station yards 319. Classification and use of released materials 320. Marking of Permanent Way material 321. Identification of different qualities of rails in field 322. Works to be attended after completion of relaying 323.

CHAPTER IV

CURVED TRACK AND REALIGNMENT OF CURVES
PART 'A'

General

Determination of radius 401. The reference rail 402. Gauge on curves 403 Definitions 404. Safe Spaed on curves 405. Superelevation, cant deficiency and cant excess 406. Length of transition curve and setting out transitions 407. Running out superelevation 408. Indicators/Boards provided in curves 409. Speed over turn-out curves 410. Permissible speed over curved main line at turn-outs 411. No change of superelevation over turn-outs 412. Curves of contrary flexure 413. Curves of similar flexure 414. Curves with crossovers 415. Curves with diamond crossings 416. Extra clearance on curves 417. Compensation for curvature on gradient 418. Vertical curve 419.

PART 'B' 
Realignment of Curve

Running on curves 420. Criteria for realignment of a curve 421. Stringlining operations 422. Realigning curves on double or multiple lines 423. Cuttings of rails on curves 424. Joints on curves 425. Check rails on curves 426. Wear on outer rail of curves 427. Measurement of rail wear on sharp curves 428.

CHAPTER V

WELDING OF RAILS : LAYING AND MAINTENANCE OF SHORT WELDED RAILS, LONG WELDED RAILS AND CONTINUOUS WELDED RAILS

PART 'A' 

Welding of rails

General 501. Alumino Thermit Welding of rails 502. Tolerances allowed in the case of Flash butt welds 503. Short pre-heat welding process 504.

PART 'B' 

Short welded rails

Definitions 505. Track structure for SWR 506. Conditions of laying 507. Laying of short welded rails 508. Maintenance of short welded rails 509. Gap survey and adjustment of gap 510. Conversion of SWR into LWR 511.

PART 'C' 

Long welded rails/Continous welded rails

Reference to LWR/CWR Manual 512.

CHAPTER VI 

TRACK RECORDING, ANALYSIS AND MONITORING

Introduction 601. Track recording by Mechanical/Electronic equipment 602. Track recording Cars 603. Mechanical Track recording Car 604. Electronic Track recording Car 605. Frequency of Track recording 606. Track categories for various parameters 607. Analysis of track recording Car charts 608. Arrangements for running TRC 609. Actual running of TRC 610. Action to be taken on TRC charts 611. Brief explanation of recordings 612. Monitoring of riding quality of track 613. Hallade track recorder 614. Oscillograph Car 615. Analysis of Oscillograms and interpretation of results 616. Use of oscillograph car recordings 617. Portable accelerometers 618.

CHAPTER VII

ACTION DURING ACCIDENTS INCLUDING BREACHES AND PRE-MONSOON
PRECAUTIONARY MEASURES

PART 'A'

Action during accidents including breaches

Observance of Rules 701. Report of accident to Station Master/Railway servant-in-charge of Block hut 702. Accidents impairing through traffic 703. Action at site 704. Report to the Chief Engineer 705. Attendance of Police at site 706. Examination of site and preparation of sketches 707. Recording particulars at site of accident 708. Use of recorded data 709. Repairs to damaged track 710. Procurement and arrangement of labour 711. Diversion 712. Transhipment 713. Funds required during Emergencies 714. Obstructions found on track 715. Flooded Causeways/Dips 716. Special precautions when track is submerged 717. Driver's report on defects in track 718. Abnormal occurrences attributable to locomotives and other rolling stock 719. Accidents not affecting through traffic 720. Records of accidents 721. Accident statements to the Railway Board 722.

PART 'B' 

Pre-monsoon precautionary measures

General precautions to be taken before monsoon 723. Materials for emergencies 724. Service spans and Rail clusters 725. Railway affecting works (including Railway affecting tanks) 726. Vigilance over Railway affecting tanks during heavy rains 727. Weather warnings and action to be taken 728.

CHAPTER VIII 

ENGINEERING RESTRICTIONS AND INDICATORS AND USE OF DETONATING AND FLARE SIGNALS

Work involving danger to train or traffic 801. Carrying out of works, in case of emergency 802. Responsibility of the Railway servant in-charge of the work 803. Precautions before commencing operations which would obstruct the line 804. Categories of Engineering works 805. Works of short duration 806. Works of long duration 807. Temporary Engineering Fixed Signals—Location and details 808. Procedure for passing trains at stop-dead restrictions 809. Procedure for Blocking line for Engineering purposes 810. Work at time of poor visibility 811. Temporary signals in emergency 812. Periodical Notice of Engineering restrictions 813. Permanent speed restriction indicators 814. Indicators (General) 815. Detonating signals 816. Care and custody 817. Stock with Engineering staff 818. Use of detonators 819. Testing 820. Life of detonators 821. Disposal of time-barred detonators 822. Safety range 823. Flare signals—Description 824. Use of flare signals 825. Safeworking of Contractors 826.

CHAPTER IX

LEVEL CROSSING AND GATEMAN

General location 901. Classification of Level Crossings 902. Categories of Roads 903. Standards for different classes of level crossings 904. Gates and locking arrangements 905. Skew level crossings 906. Normal position of gates 907. Gate lamps and blinders 908. Traffic and Engineering gates 909. Equipment at level crossings 910. Siting of gate-lodges 911. Appointment of Gatemen, rosters and medical fitness certificates 912. Duties of Gatemen 913. Maintenance of level crossing, examination of gate- equipment and Gateman in rules 914. Level crossing registers 915. Level crossing indicators 916. Visibility requirements for unmanned level crossings 917. Provision of speed breakers on the approaches of unmanned level crossings 918. Census of traffic at level crossings, unmanned/manned 919. Unmanned ' C ' class level crossings 920. Track structure in level crossings 921. Manning of the unmanned level crossings through Member of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS) 922. Level Crossings on National Highways/ State Highways and other important roads 923. Provision of new level Crossings/Manning/Demanning/Elimination 924. Criteria for Replacement of existing level crossings (other than those provided on 'Deposit Terms') with road Over/Under Bridges on cost sharing basis 925.

CHAPTER X 

PATROLLING OF THE RAILWAY LINE

Types of Patrolling 1001. Protection of line in case of Emergency 1002. Commencement and termination 1003. Preparation of Patrol Charts 1004. Distribution of Patrol Charts 1005. Patrol Books and Systematic Patrolling 1006. Equipment of patrolman 1007. Selection of Patrolman 1008. Certificate to be submitted by P.W.I. 1009. Duties of Patrolmen 1010. Action when damage is observed 1011. Responsibility of Engineering Officials in the matter of Patrolling 1012. Action by A.E.N. and P.W.1. on receipt of information regarding Damage to the Line 1013. Vulnerable locations (Points) 1000.

CHAPTER XI

THE WORKING OF TROLLIES, MOTOR TROLLIES AND LORRIES

General Instructions 1101. Distinction between Trolly, Motor Trolly and Lorry 1102. Certificate of competency 1103. Officials permitted to use Trollies, Motor Trollies and Lorries 1104. Responsibility for safe working 1105. Efficient brakes 1106. Attachment to Trains Prohibited 1107. Working on track circuited Sections and section provided with treadls 1108. Numbering of trollies /Motor Trolies/ Lories 1109. conveyance of non-railway officials 1112. Trolly-permits for private sidings 1113. Military officers using trollies in Ordnance depots 1114. Trolly refuges and observation posts 1115. Equipment for Trolly/Motor Trolly/Lorry 1116. Signals for Trolly/Motor Trolly/Lorry 1117. Working of Trollies 1118. Working of Motor Trollies 1119. Working of Lorries 1120. Working of Cycle Trollies and Moped Trollies 1121. Working of Rail Dolleys 1122.

CHAPTER XII

WORKING OF MATERIAL TRAINS AND TRACK MACHINES

Rules for working 1201. Material Train 1202. Economical working 1203. Restrictions in running 1204. Brake-vans and Shelter wagons 1205. Ordering of Material trains 1206. Issue of' Fit-to-run ' certificate 1207. Official-in-charge of Material train 1208. Equipment 1209. Testing of brake power 1210. Working in Block Section 1211. Pushing of Material trains 1212. Procedure to be followed while pushing back 1213. Running on Ghat Section and descending grade 1214. Passage over points 1215. Speed of material trains 1216. Stabling of a material train 1217. Reporting deficiencies and damages 1218. Warning to workers on material trains 1219. Engine Crew's hours of duty 1220. Loading at Ballast depots 1221. Working trip 1222. Operation of Hoppers 1223. Training out materials and daily reports of working 1224. Charges for material train working 1225. Register of Engineering vehicles 1226. Working of Track maintenance machines 1227.

CHAPTER XIII 
PROCEDURE FOR OBTAINING SANCTION AND CARRYING OUT WORKS AFFECTING SAFETY OF THE RUNNING LINE AND FOR OPENING NEW WORKS

Reference to rules 1301. Works requiring sanction of C.R.S. and notice there for 1302. Application for sanction of works 1303. Documents to accompany application 1304. Submission of Safety Certificate 1305. Deviations from plans approved by C.R.S. 1306. Applications for running of new types of locomotives and/or rolling stock and for increase in speed 1307. Notification to Railway officials when opening works 1308. Works arising out of accidents including breaches 1309. Opening of new lines 1310.

CHAPTER XIV

LAYING AND MAINTENANCE OF CONCRETE SLEEPERS

Types of concrete sleepers 1401. Identification of sleepers at Site 1402. Fittings to be used 1403. Locations
where concrete sleepers are used 1404. Laying of concrete sleepers 1405. Operations connected with relaying 1406. Procedure for manual laying 1407. Maintenance of concrete sleeper Track 1408. Casual renewal of concrete sleepers 1409. Corrosion of Steel in concrete sleepers 1410. Maintenance of concrete sleeper fastenings 1411. Action in case of derailment 1412. Laying of fanshaped turnout sleepers 1413.

CHAPTER XV 

TRAINING FOR PERMANENT WAY STAFF

Types of Training Courses 1501. Initial/Induction Courses 1502. Promotional courses 1503. Refresher Courses 1504. Special Courses 1505.

CHAPTER XVI

BOOKS OF REFERENCE

Books of reference 1601. Circulation of Technical papers 1602.

LIST OF ANNEXURES

Annexure No.

Particulars of sketch/Performa

Para reference
2/1 Railway Map of India / BG showing group 'A' and 'B' routes 202
2/2 Railway Map of India/MG showing group ' Q ' routes 202
2/3 Typical gang Chart 206
2/4 Track diagram 211
2/5 Permanent way diagram of station yard 211
2/6 Pro forma for inspection of points and crossings 237
2/7 Pro forma of creep register 242
2/8 Reconditioning of holes in wooden sleepers 245
2/9 Criteria for declaring rails as defective by Ultrasonic Testing 252(deleted)
2/10 Pro forma for reporting rail failures 257
2/11 Ballast profile for LWR Track/BG 263
2/12 Ballast profile for LWR Track/MG 263
2/13 Ballast profile for other than LWR/BG 263
2/14 Ballast profile for other than LWR/MG 263
2/15 Ballast profile for NG 263
2/16 Preparation of Bridge Timber 273
2/17 Temporary connection during relaying operations (Electrified areas). 284
2/18 Locations where soil sampling is to be done 294
3/1 Pro forma for justification for complete track renewal 304
3/2 Pro forma for loss of weight of released scrap (P. Way components) .. 320(3)(5)
3/3 Pro forma for summary of summary of P. Way material to be released.. 320(3)(8)
4/1 Cant and speed in BG for different Radii 405
4/2 Cant and speed in MG for different Radii 405
4/3 Maximum speed and cant in non-transitioned curves with cant on virtual transition. 405
4/4 Maximum speed and cant in non-transitioned curves without cant. 405
4/5 Performa of curve register 420
5/1 Rail temperature Zone Map 505
5/2 Pro forma for Gap Survey and rectification of gaps 510
6/1 Sample chart of TRC (Mechanical)/BG 610
6/2 Sample chart of TRC (Electronic)/BG 610
6/3 Sample chart of TRC (Electronic)/MG 610
6/4 Sample Hallade chart 614
6/5 Oscillograph car chart/BG 615
6/6 Portable accelerometer chart 618
7/1 Details to be collected in the case of accidents for preparation of a sketch 707
7/2 Performa showing the Permanent way particulars to be collected in the case of accident 708
8/1 works of snort duration - Protection of line in case of stop dead  restriction.  806
8/2   Works of short duration - Protection of line in case of reduced speed. 806
8/3 Location of Engineering indicators for dead stop and non-stop restrictions.  807 & 808
8/3A Position of engineering indicators in case of multi speed restrictions 807 & 808 
8/4 Details of Engineering indicators for temporary/permanent - restrictions. 807 & 808 
8/5 Competency Certificate 826 (iv) 
9/1 Classification and Standard Specification for level crossings 904 
9/2 Details of Stop disc and Safety chain to be used in emergencies  905 
9/3 Protection diagram in emergencies in the case of level crossing  913 
9/4 Pro forma for level crossing register  915 
9/5 Details of Whistle Boards on the approaches of level crossings 916 
9/6 Speed Breaker Plan 918(2) 
9/7  Warning Signs 918(2) 
10/1 Specimen patrol chart - Low density line 1004 
10/2 Specimen patrol chart - Heavy density line - 2 Beats 1004 
10/3 Specimen patrol chart - Heavy density line - 3 Beats 1004 
11/1 Specimen of Indemnity Bond for Trolly use by outsiders 1112 
11/2 Specimen of Indemnity Bond for siding users 1113 
11/3 Trolly/Lorry notice 1118&1120 
11/4 Protection of Trolly on line 1118 
11/5 Protection of Lorry on line 1120 
12/1 Daily report of Material train working 1224 
13/1 to 13/3 Application for CRS sanction and Annexures 1304
13/4   Safety certificate in the case of new Locomotive/Rolling Stock. 1307
13/5   Safety certificate while opening works 1305
13/6 Form of telegram to be sent while opening works 1309 
14/1 Proposed Disposition of Fan shaped Concrete Layout 1413 
16/1 List of Books of Reference 1601 
M/1 Instruction Manual for Measured Shovel Packing (Deleted) 
M/2 Manual of Instructions on Long Welded Rails (1979) (Deleted) 
M/3 Manual of Instructions for Directed Track Maintenance (Deleted) 
M/4 & M5 Concordance Table (Old) (Deleted) 
M/6 Concordance Table (New) .